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Volume 4, Issue 3, 1 December 2022, Pages 337-348
Abstract. Let be a modulated convergence space, that is, a modular space equipped with a sequential convergence structure. Given an element of , we consider the minimisation problem of finding such that , where is a modular, and is a subset of . Such an element is called a best approximant. We prove an existence of best approximants in a large class of modulated convergence spaces. We also investigate semicontinuity of the related modular projection which in general is a nonlinear multi-valued operator. Problems of finding best approximants are important in approximation theory and probability theory. In particular, we show how our results can be applied to the approximation of functions in variable Lebesgue spaces by rational functions.
How to Cite this Article:
Wojciech M. Kozlowski, Notes on modular projections, Appl. Set-Valued Anal. Optim. 4 (2022), 337-348.